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The Ephesians were alive physically but dead spiritually.
Paul chose this to recognize the idea that, someone who is dead cannot revive himself, as one without God cannot revive his own spirit into new life. “But God, being rich in mercy, because of God’s great love with which God loved us.” Paul presents why we were rescued from this state of spiritual deadness: because God was rich in mercy and had a great love for us. God acted to save us!
Paul completes the discussion of how we were saved by adding that our new spiritual life resulted in us being raised with Christ to be seated in heavenly places. Though we are presently located on earth physically, nevertheless we have been assigned a place spiritually at the right hand of God. Paul's point is that our salvation should not be appreciated as merely a change in status but it is a change of spiritual position before God.
Grace is unmerited favor. Paul clarifies that God's manner of salvation precludes any possibility that our newfound state could be attributed to human works. Since our very faith is itself a gift of God, we must acknowledge that we are God's workmanship. Furthermore, God's work presupposes a purpose, and the purpose for God’s acting is so that we might do good works. In Matthew 5:16, Jesus says: “Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.”